A domain name is a unique name that identifies a website. For example, the domain name of our website here is “evergreenmarketingacademy.com”. Each website has a domain name that behaves similarly to how each home has a unique address. This address (domain name) is used to access the website.
When you want to visit a particular website you just need to put in the domain name into the addess bar of whatever website browser you are using whether it is Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox or Apple’s Safari to name just a few of the more popular options of browsers. Some domain names have some slight variations in how you type them in but most often they will revert to the correct type they run on. What I mean by this is that some domains are referred to as www. while others will just be domainname.com ro whatever it is. Some websites will also vary from being http to https and the extra s is just an added layer of security that the website uses to protect information passed between it and your computer. There’s a bit more to it than that and we’ll cover that in another article here on the site.
The other key thing to note about domain names is that they will all have a ‘domain suffix’ and there can only be one unique domain name per suffix, so for example there cannot be two ebay.com’s. Just the one. There can be an ebay.co.uk an ebay.net and even an ebay.org and they can all be different sites or be pointed towards the same site so no matter which one of them you type in, you would be redirected to ebay.com if for example, ebay owned them all they can point them to whatever main site of theirs they want you to be on. So if you hadn’t guessed it from what I’d written about suffixes, these are the bits that follow on from the domain name, so the .com .net .org bit. At the time of writing this, there are 280 domain suffixes (extensions) in total. Of these 280, they are split into two main groups are referred to as GTLDs (generic top-level domains) and the CCTLDs (country code top-level domains).
Here’s an explanation of how these are separated, this is a snippet from the iCann website-
Generic top-level domains:
The 20 generic TLD suffixes are used mostly internationally and represent the vast majority of all registered domains worldwide. They are divided into:
– 4 unrestricted TLDs: .COM, .NET, .ORG & .INFO (can be purchased by anyone without any restrictions)
– 3 Generic-restricted TLDs: .BIZ (for Businesses), .NAME (for Individuals) & .PRO (for credentialed professionals)
– 13 Sponsored TLDs: .AERO, .ASIA, .CAT, .COOP, .EDU (US only), .GOV (US only), .INT, .JOBS, .MIL (US only), .MOBI, .MUSEUM, .TEL & .TRAVEL
Country code top-level domains:
The countries of this world are represented on the internet by 248 ccTLDs altogether:
– 242 are based on the official English short names after the ISO 3166-1 standard. The list of all country code extensions can be found in the IANA root zone database.
– Exceptionally reserved codes are: .AC (Ascension Island), .EU (European Union) & .UK (United Kingdom, offical ISO short name is GB)
– Former country codes: .SU (Soviet Union), .TP (Portuguese Timor, now .TL for Timor-Leste) & .YU (Yugoslavia, split into .ME for Montenegro and .RS for Serbia)